CONFEDERATION FOR THE DEAF
NAME AND CENTER OF THE CONFEDERATION
Confederation’s name is “Confederation for the Deaf”. Confederation’s logo is as a book page, constituted as human form every page indent, which indicate the federation. The one in the middle symbolized the Confederation, all together which symbolize deaf people’s reach to knowledge.
Short name of the confederation will then be determined by the General Assembly.
The center for the confederation is Ankara, any address change can be made by giving necessary information to supervising authorities.
Definitions of terms in this charter are as follows:
- Deaf : Expresses individuals who by hearing loss cannot hear 55 dB (Decibels) and higher strength sounds.
- Hard hearing : Expresses individuals who by hearing loss cannot hear 45-54 dB sounds.
- Hearing and Speech Impaired : Expresses deafs and hard hearing individuals without hearing loss assessment.
- Foundation : foundations being members of Confederation member Federations.
- Federation : Federation formed by unification of at least 5 foundations for the hearing impaired.
- Confederation : Is the Confederation for the Deaf.
Protection the deaf’s economic, social, cultural, occupational and similar rights and the development of such rights; in coordination with federations working about their awarenessing and reachability rights they cannot benefit from due to their handicaps, undertake of research, endeavor and solution applications required for taking advantage of basic rights and liberties within framework of national and international laws binding upon Turkey such reap of rights to be at equal levels with other members of society,
In order to save them from ruins caused by their handicap and let them become individuals useful for society, consulting and cooperating with national and international real and legal persons, corporates and entities thereby producing projects for purpose of implementing works and practices to give yield for the deaf community,
Individual education of the deaf being foremost, educating deafs with expertise at sign language, family education, education for and individual rehabilitation of multiple handicap being deafness; taking advantage of trainership and expertise,
Round up of yearly evading sign language due to having been left undocumented; documentation thereof according to expertise subjects alongside verbal speech language; wround up of signs for engineership, medicine, law and literature, ensuring that even if at spoken Turkish there are no equivalent expressions, dialects at specific sign language are also documented and the learning thereof is ensured
Cooperating with federations being members at children development and youth activities alongside with civil society organizations, public entities, international organizations undertaking activities in this field, thereby wide-spreading in a coordinated manner the deafs’ participation in youth organizations’ youth activities as a front runner organization,
In order to direct the deaf to sports, teaching several sport branches since early ages of the deaf, ensuring that the deaf can act at sport branches they like and adopt; organizing in these fields national and international sports games for the deaf and their trainers,
Defending deaf women’s rights, rendering them aware, producing cooperation and projects with corporates and entities undertaking works in these subjects; sharing knowledge and experience with established and to be established federations for this purpose.
Ensuring that old deafs participate in social activities, making organizations to monitor them and ensure they are protected, to cooperate with relevant organizations therefore.
In order to reach the deafs’ information and rights, cooperating with relevant ministries, media and communication organizations thereby ensuring that the deaf society reach information alongside their social and vital rights.
- Realizes the opening of international rights ensured by United Nation Organization and sub organizations for the deaf to deaf’s benefit in our country.
- Participates in international organizations or entities related to the deaf as principal or joint members and cooperates for the realization of works in line with common purposes, produces common projects; holds meetings, panels and symposiums.
- Cooperate with all education institutes active in education of Turkish deafs such institutes being deaf universities along even pre-school education entities in order to level our country’s education level for the deaf up to an international level, also makes applications to relevant authorities for successful practices to realize in our country as well.
- Due to insufficiencies in education and failure at using capacity, only %5 of the deaf population can understand what it reads. About increasing such literacy, media and digital environment sub titles, private education channels and/or sign language and literacy education are provided together, and environments thereby are provided where the deaf can develop their capability to understand what they read.
- Since all deaf people in our society are generalized under the title hearing impaired and because there are serious differences between heavy hearing, half deaf and fully deaf people by terms of potential and educability; full deafs are aggrieved in many subjects. In order to relieve such, it makes researches, lets researches be undertaken, makes studies and participates in joint works.
- For the recognition and liking by the young deafs of cultural educations and sports, their acquaintance with other deafs and their mingling it organizes children’s camps, youth camps, recreation and get to know together camps. Organizes common camps with similar purpose organizations and entities abroad; sends the young to at home and abroad camps; invites deafs with different cultures from several countries abroad.
- Has produced at home or supplied from abroad hearing devices, warning devices, speech and reading test and similar technological tools and devices which the deaf need; has such tools and devices distributed against fee or fee-free directly and/or through member federations.
- Prepares and has prepared materials for deafs of all age groupings; distributes such materials against costs or for free.
- For the realization of purposes, joins companies, economic formations; establishes foundations, participates in established companies or foundations, pursues partnerships therewith.
- Works for the regulations enacted such regulations necessary for the improvement of the deafs’ economic, social, cultural, professional and similar living; relief of obstacles present in legislation, as well as for implementation of legal regulations made,
- Pursues works for the enlightenment of the public about the problems of the deaf and about the solution ways thereof alongside for the formation of public opinion thereabout; organizes meetings with national and international participation, sets web site and own digital education, representation portal, works thereon and lets work be undertaken thereon.
- Makes efforts to prevent any kind of abuse of the deaf such abuse being material or mental, to protect their societal honor and reputability.
- Participates in the deafs’ cultural activities at home and abroad, organizes with participation of other countries activities, symposiums, competitions, private sports matches, festivals and similar activities.
- Makes necessary works for the education- training at all age groupings, all levels and of all kinds for the deaf at pre-school period onwards alongside their rehabilitation and care taking and also to form policies in our country about the deaf; Inaugurates, operates, undertakes education and training activities in pre-school education institutes, primary schools and secondary schools, high schools and vocational high schools alone or with other civil society organizations, together with supreme unities only for such institutions to serve for the education of the deaf.
- In order to announce Confederation’s purposes and works to the public, ensure communication between member federations, issues and broadcasts all kinds of periodical and / or classical publications. In this line it takes advantage from information technologies, establishes visual and pressed national and local media, makes interactive informative and educational works over internet broadcast.
- Undertakes works in order to ensure the employment of the deaf, control legal regulations and practices in public and private sector employment and the development of policies for employment.
- Incents the deafs’ participation to cultural and sportive activities; creates opportunities to benefit from cultural, sportive and resting purpose camps and facilities.
- Supports of finds resources for member federations’ project and works by own means term according to their works’ significance and priority.
- Acquires required movable – immovable realty for Confederation works, receive such allocated; purchase or sell those; rents or lets same property; accepts grants or makes grants; becomes indebted if needed.
- Confederation may make research and studies in any field in line with realizing its target. In this line, as may ensure own activity may also assign country federations and direct works. May form commissions, committees, science, strategy, research and Development, consultation, consultancy, honorary and similar councils.
- May cooperate with entities at home and abroad or join such. Establishes platforms and superior unities or joins those which are already established. May be accredited to organizations such as UN, EU, G7-G20, ICO, WFD; participate in meetings; acquire observant/ consultant NGO status. May with Managerial Board decision establish representations in Turkey and international field upon own request; assign representants thereto.
- Observes works of member federations, ensures their work in coordination and inspects those.
CONFERATION MEMBERSHIP AND LEAVING MEMBERSHIP
Confederation members; real members more than half of such at member foundations established for service to the deaf alongside federations active for sake of the hearing impaired can become members of the Confederation.
MEMBERSHIP TO CONFEDERATION
A federation which wishes to become member of the Confederation applies to the Managerial Board with a petition. Alongside said petition the federation gives the following documents:
- Federation Main Charter
- General Assembly resolution, managerial board decision concerning participation procedures by federation managerial board as per authorities granted by the General Assembly,
- Resolution concerning authorization of a director or deputy thereof to represent the federation at the Confederation management,
- Document displaying that access records fees were paid into Confederation account.
Except for founders, the status of the candidate who has completed the above documents, is examined by the deputy director responsible for legal organization Tare held ready for presentation to the Managerial Board meeting.
After the examination of the application the situation is bound by a resolution at the Managerial Board meeting to be held within thirty days as of thirty days from application date on by latest. Membership is valid as of recognition by the Managerial Board.
Managerial Board resolution to those who are not accepted to membership is returned to the applicant for membership alongside access registry fee within thirty (30) days as of date at which resolution was taken.
MEMBERS’ RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS ALONGSIDE THEIR ATTESTATION PROCEDURES
A – Members’ rights:
• Participating in Confederation organs through its delegates and taking up duties in these organs,
• Taking advantage in works pursued by the Confederation,
• Yielding information about Confederation works within framework stated in relevant articles of the charter, examining the documents at place, stating views and critics,
B – Member’s responsibilities:
- Conforming to Confederation Charter and resolutions to be taken by authorized organs,
- Performing financial obligations in conformity with procedures related thereto,
- Depending on the written will of the Confederation Managerial Board; reporting at least once a year about own works,
- For implementation of provisions of Article 5 of the Charter, forming required member rolls and keeping these ready for inspections to be made in a way to leave opportunity for such log registers to be examined,
- Transmitting General Assemblies place, date, hour and agenda, if any General Assemblies’ relevant documents to the Confederation directorship 15 days in advance.
- Within 30 days term pursuant the General Assembly sending General Assembly minutes, participation / attendance lists, General Assembly Conclusions Declaration (Annex-3 form) showing those elected to federation organs and senior council delegacies together with signatory samples of managers authorized to represent the federation.
- Reporting those leaving Confederation delegacy by notification to the Confederation center thirty (30) days prior to Confederation General Assembly.
TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP
Confederation membership ends by any of the below means:
- Removal from membership: A member can always leave membership with an application by petition to the managerial board. Alongside petition, application holder’s General Assembly and execution related managerial board resolution must be mandatorily present.
REMOVAL FROM MEMBERSHIP:
- A member determined by Managerial Board to have lost fulfillment of conditions written by Articles 5 and 6 of the Charter, is warned about rectifying the insufficiency and making required conformation by grant of a three (3) month term. A member who fails within given term to make corrections as foreseen nor compensates for insufficiency, is removed by a managerial Board resolution from membership.
- Members which violate resolutions taken by authorized organs as per Charter’s Articles 3. and 4., are removed from membership by Managerial Board resolution.
- In the event the member objects as of notification date deportation from membership resolution is suspended and said situation is bound by final resolution at Confederation General Assembly.
- Self-termination of membership: membership of a member terminated with a managerial or judicial resolution is self-terminated and such situation is determined by a managerial Board resolution.
- Duties of federations which have left or have been removed from membership such duties which they have assumed by becoming delegates, being elected to Confederation organs or becoming assigned to tenure end at date when their federations are removed or have left membership.
Legal persons the membership of whom has terminated are obligated to pay for all material liabilities and debts for period during which he was at membership.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY FORMATION
The General Assembly is Confederation’s most authorized organ; the General Assembly is comprised of the below participants.
- Confederation management and inspection board principal members,
- Without right to vote are Confederation Honor Members, protocol guests, consultants and organ supervisors,
- Each member each federation is represented by fifteen (15) delegates.
Members choose Confederation delegates at their General Assembly. Otherwise their delegateship is cancelled.
Past delegates’ duties end with notification of new delegates by member federations.
By thirty (30) days before General Assembly date a new delegate must be announced instead of delegate which has left tenure by any ways.
EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL ASSEMBLY FORMATION
- Extraordinary General Assembly Meeting is held in the event deemed necessary by Management or Inspectory Board.
- The General Assembly, as suitable for assembly upon call by one fifth (1/5) of delegates by written notifications, is formed by which last delegates which participated in the General Assembly are invited to such meeting.
- Authority to call to a meeting belongs to the Confederation managerial board; in the event this duty is not fulfilled within fifteen (15) days, the inspectory board may make an announcement for inviting to the meeting.
CALL / NOTIFICATION METHOD FOR SUMMONING
- The list of delegates which earned right to participate in the General Assembly are sent by written notification to member federations at least fifteen (15) days prior before meeting date.
- General Assembly’s day, hour, place and agenda is announced to the delegates at least fifteen (15) days before the meeting date by a method present in law and regulations.
- With the same announcement are given the day, hour and place of the second quora free meeting in the event the initial meeting cannot be held due to lack of quorum.
- The term to be left between the first meeting day and second meeting cannot be less than seven (7) days and longer than sixty (60) days.
- It is mandatory that a meeting be announced, in the event it is withheld back for other than majority hold reasons, by stating the given situation with lag (setback) reasons such announcement made by methods practiced for first meeting. Starting from the setback date, such setback meeting is mandatorily to be held within at most six
(6) months. The General Assembly meeting cannot be setback for more than once.
- The General Assembly is called to meeting by Confederation Management and Inspection Board. In the event the Management or Inspection Board does not call the General Assembly to the meeting provisions given by law and regulations are applied.
MEETING METHOD AND TIME
- The General Assembly summons by two ways as ordinary and extraordinary. The ordinary meeting is held once every three (3) years during month of April.
- Extraordinary meetings are summoned within one month by latest upon call of the Managerial Board and written request of the Managerial Board or Inspection Board or even written request of one fifth (1/5) of Confederation delegates.
The General Assembly summons with the attendance of delegates with a right to participate at a more than one half of total their numbers’ rate presence.
In the event sufficient numbers aren’t ensured at the first meeting, majority isn’t sought at second meeting. However, number of delegates left over to second meeting cannot be less than twice times principal member numbers of Managerial and Inspection Councils.
MEETING HOLD METHOD
- The General Assembly summons at day, hour and place given at the meeting call announcement.
- Delegates to participate in the General Assembly, Managerial and Inspection Board members and Managerial Board ascertained officials show identification documents given by official authorities, sign their signature in attendance sheets located opposed to their written names on same names list and access meeting venue.
- If meeting quorum is ensured the meeting is opened by Confederation Director or Managerial Board members he shall authorize.
- After inauguration a chairman, a deputy chairman and two clerks are elected to direct the meeting and a General Assembly Council is formed.
- The management of the meeting belongs to the Council Head or his aide. In case of an excuse management of the meeting is continued by a council member to be determined by the Council Head.
- Council clerks draw up meeting minutes; minutes are signed by all Council members jointly at the end of the meeting; when such meeting is given to the Confederation Director newly elected at the General Assembly or realizing the Extraordinary General Assembly with other documents to be added thereto.
- The Council Chairman is responsible for keeping these minutes and delivering those within seven (7) days by latest to the newly elected Confederation Managerial Board.
- All explication at the General Assembly are made by sign language; for those which hear there will be translators to translate from – to sign language.
AGENDA, DECISION MAKING QUORUM AND ELECTIONS
- During the General Assembly meeting agenda articles specified in the call for summons announcement are discussed. However, in case a written request by at least one tenth (1/10) of delegates ready present at the meeting is given addition / annexes to agenda are mandatory.
- Each delegate has one right to vote and uses his vote himself. The Council Management decides about voting open or secret balloting for such voting being other than elections.
- Decisions are taken by plain majority. However, decisions concerned with charter amendments are taken at meeting where two thirds (2/3) of General Assembly member equity number are present with approval of participant delegates’ two thirds’ (2/3) approval.
- Council Committee; may realize elections himself, while elections may be made by Balloting Committee provided at least three (3) delegates initiated from amongst delegates which aren’t candidates by a General Assembly decision. In the event elections are held by Balloting Committee method, the Board elects a head from amongst itself.
- The election of Managerial and Inspection Board principal and auxiliary organs is made by secret balloting, open vote count methods.
- List or lists showing Confederation Director, Managerial Board and Inspection Board members are announced by reading those same to the General Assembly and submitted to the approval thereof. In the event there is more than one list differences are show with geometrical shapes or voting papers; which shape, or color is to represent which list is determined by candidates for directorships.
- Lists finalized thereby are printed at adequate amounts, indicated by Confederation seal and formed to a ballot paper. Does not make any indication with writing or symbols nor places any sketching thereupon; such altered vote ballot papers are considered invalid.
- Delegates, after showing their identity documents issued during elections by official authorities to the Council Committee or Ballot Council elected by the General Assembly, shall trust their cell phones, throws vote ballot to the ballot trunk, after using vote shall sign vote list and complete duty by taking their cell phones back.
- After completing of the elections, the conclusions of the counts are determined by minutes and announced by Council Chairman or Ballot Council Director.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY’S DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The duties and responsibilities of the General Assembly are as follows.
- Acquitting Management and Inspection Boards’ reports upon discussion, accepting approximate budget as is or with changes.
- Choosing Confederation organs.
- Deciding to participate in or leave national and international entities, authorizing the Managerial Board to pursue transactions related therewith.
- Discussing Expertise Commission’s, Consultant’s reports, establishing when necessary research and examination commissions. When deemed necessary forming relevant commissions in several subjects, meeting over these commissions’ reports.
- Changing Confederation charter,
- Taking decisions which were suggested at General Assembly agenda, making declarations to the public general and approve conclusions declaration.
- Deciding about the purchase and sale of deemed realty in line with Confederation’s purposes or authorizing the Managerial Board thereabout.
- Deciding which of indebtment methods shall be used and authorizing the Management Board thereabout,
- Determining which directors and members of Confederation management and inspection boards such directors and members of which whom aren’t public officials will be given fees; ascertaining fees and any payables, fares and compensations to be given as determined by the General Assembly for the employable personnel.
- Deciding about termination of the Confederation.
- Fulfilling other duties specified in the legislation.
CONFEDERATION CHAIRMAN ELECTION
- Candidate Chairmen must apply to the Confederation Secretariat one month before the Confederation’s General Assembly meeting with a candidate application letter.
- In the event General Assembly members request, chairmanship elections are held separate from Managerial Board’s elections. In such circumstances, candidates which have lost elections have a right to be re-enlisted for the Managerial Board membership and participate in such elections.
CONFEDERATION CHAIRMAN’S DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Confederation Chairman’s duties and authorities are as follows;
• Representing Confederation’s legal personality
• Chairs all Confederation organs apart from Inspection Board, commissions and boards and calls them to meetings.
• At necessary circumstances, attends member federation managerial board and General Assembly meetings.
• Makes declarations in the name of the Confederation to the press and public opinion.
• Signs with the secretary general in managerial matters and financial secretary in financial matters.
• Chairs commissions and boards formed for the purpose of inspecting / controlling federations upon resolution of the Managerial Board or Executive Board.
• Assigns one of the Deputy Chairmen presents in the Executive Boards in his place his deputy. Deputy Chairman assigned as his deputy; gives written notification to the Director about his temporary leave of office or has a documented excuse to perform his duty or that in case of his death may assume duties of the Chairman.
• Carries ready advance cash in amounts to be determined by the Managerial Board and makes expenses therefrom.”
MANAGERIAL BOARD FORMATION
- Managerial Board principal members: The Confederation Chairman elected by the General Assembly is comprised of nineteen (19) people being Confederation Chairman, three (3) Chairman Consultants, eleven (11) Deputy Chairman, a Secretary General, Deputy Secretary General, Financial Secretary and a Coordinator.
- For such Managerial Board principal memberships taken to duty in the General Assembly with elections, nine (9) alternate / back up members are elected.
- The Managerial Board is called by the Confederation Chairman within fifteen (15) days by latest to a meeting.
- During its first meeting the Managerial Board forms the Executive Board and the Managerial Board determines the meeting calendar.
MANAGERIAL BOARD’S MEETING TIME AND DECISION MAKING QUORUM
- Without need for a different call the Managerial Board holds ordinary meetings in the Confederation center once every two (2) months at certain days and hours as long as there are no resolutions to the contrary.
- Place and time of ordinary meetings is sent out to reach members at least seven (7) days prior to the meeting day.
- If there are articles in addition to the meeting agenda by the Secretary General, these are asked about to the member federations and the managerial board; meeting agenda with additional agenda articles are announced to the Managerial Board two (2) days before the meeting; before the start of the meeting articles to enter or leave the agenda by the as added or removed to such agenda by the Chairman are discussed, while agenda with its most final content is used for inauguration of the meeting.
- The meeting is made according to the agenda prepared, out of agenda talks and discussions aren’t allowed.
- Call for an extraordinary meeting is made by the Chairman upon request of the Inspection Board Chairman or at least three (3) Managerial Boar members’ written request. If despite requests the chairman does not call for summons within given term, the Secretary General is obligated to make calls. Extraordinary meetings are subject to ordinary meeting formality. Ordinary and extraordinary managerial board meetings can also be held at electronic environments by using recorded e-mail addresses and electronic signature.
- The Managerial Board is summoned with a plain majority and resolutions are passed by the plain majority of those present at the Managerial Board meeting.
• Resolutions placing member federations under financial liability are taken by plain majority of Managerial Board member full numbers, while resolutions concerning economic operations establishment and /or current operations regulatory amendment, export of a member from membership are taken by three thirds (3/4) of managerial board’s member total numbers. Rates are complemented to complete numbers.
Resolution taken is notified to member federations within fifteen (15) days term as of resolution date.
MANAGERIAL BOARD’S DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The Managerial Board is the Confederation’s executive and representative organ. It fulfills such duty in conformity with the law and the Confederation charter.
Confederation’s exclusive representation and binding duty can be given by the managerial board to one of its members or a third person.
The duty and authorities of the Managerial Board are as follows;
• For pursuit of Confederation works in line with the charter, General Assembly resolutions and legislative provisions
Passing necessary resolutions and giving orders to the executive board and relevant units for the implementation as well as the control thereof,
• Discussing Federations membership applications and passing resolutions thereabout,
• Taking decisions concerning removal from membership when conditions are formed according to the charter,
• Taking, selling or renting property conformant to purpose; accepting any kinds of allocation and grants or giving out grants,
Being indebted within framework of authorities given by the General Assembly,
• On subjects deemed necessary, establishing several organs such as commissions, consultancy boards, assigning officials or consultants therefore, preparing regulations for the working style and rules of these organs,
• Preparing the General Assembly agenda and calling upon a meeting,
• Determining Managerial Board’s ordinary meeting intervals,
• Preparing Confederation’s annual working program, their working reports, budget and balance statement alongside income and expenditures calculations; submitting those to the General Assembly.
• keeping books deemed mandatory and supplementary books deemed necessary,
• becoming members of the international entities deemed appropriate, leaving membership, cooperating in line with Confederation purposes with several national and international corporates and entities; representing the Confederation in these organizations or determining the Managerial Board member to represent,
• Deciding about all kinds of expenses related to Confederation works,
• Determining the quality and number of personnel required for works, practicing fee increases in line with the resolution passed at the General Assembly. When due to extraordinary developments in the economy General Assembly resolutions render fee increases insufficient; transfer between budget items are made thereby overcoming the arising problems,
• Making the financial and managerial control of the federations, warning the federations for the rectification of insufficiencies in circumstances where necessary,
• Fulfilling other duties necessitated by the charter.
COMPLEMENT OF MANAGERIAL BOARD
- In the event there are vacancies at Managerial Board memberships reserve members are called to duty. Those Managerial Board members who fail to participate two (2) consecutive ordinary meetings without being granted written permission nor express an excuse for absence at such meetings or even fail to attend one third (1/3) of meetings held within a year or otherwise whose membership relation with the federation he represents has ended is considered to have resigned from Managerial Board membership.
- In the event the number of principal members of the Managerial Board fall below half of numbers the General Assembly is called upon an extraordinary meeting within one (1) month by present Managerial Board members or the Inspection Board. In the event the call is not made, upon application of one of the delegates districts instance court magistrate shall assign three people committee which shall within a month call the General Assembly to meeting.
- Confederation Executive Board is comprised of one Confederation Chairman, Confederation Deputy Chairman, Secretary General and Financial Secretary and is summoned with at least three (3) people
- The Managerial Board may form by own needs, other consultancies and secretariats. However, these aren’t included to the managerial Board.
- The Managerial Board; through its director, is considered to be at constant meeting hold by virtual and in written form at a digital environment. The Managerial Board implements its resolutions and undertakes daily works which aren’t in conflict with these resolutions.
CHAIRMAN CONSULTANTS’ DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
- Consultants are people authorized to make contributions to Chairman’s works for the Confederation. The Chairman can at most have three people elected by vote at the General Assembly and assign them to duty as Consultants to the Chairman.
- The Chairman, in order to have works undertaken at any subject he needs, can assign adequate numbers of expert people as consultant. He undertakes works according to the agenda he shall determine and forms grounds for resolutions to be taken by authorized organs,
- Consultants, in order to work for being benefitted from their knowledge and experiences, can make contributions to Confederation works as part of managerial board, attend meetings, ensure that general director participates actively in events and is endowed therefore.
- People who have supreme services and good to the deaf community and Confederation purposes are given title of honorary director or honorary membership by Confederation managerial board resolution.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEPUTY HEAD FOR YOUTH AND SPORTS
- Hosting across the country several age grouped young deafs at youth camps to ensure that they know each other and mingle with deaf society,
- Organize competition for deaf children to develop their common culture, basic sign language, drawing and sculpture skills at camps; guiding path to their educational preferences,
- Organization of basic sports matches at youth camps in order for young and physically abled deafs to recognize sports, helping to determine sports branches according to their success and capabilities,
- Participating in international camps, organizing camps in our country where international participants shall participate.
- Being at lead for the establishment of organs for youth and sports activities in federations and foundations,
- Ensures all procedures required for participation and representation of Turkish deafs in national and international youth organizations,
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR TİD (TURKISH SIGN LANGUAGE) and TRANSLATION MATTERS
The use of Turkish sign language, the past of which goes centuries before in history, without distortion of its authentic structure and grammar is a primary target. In line therewith;
- Participates in all kinds of activities related with Turkish sign language; establishes a team to only develop changes in language and work in conformity with Turkish language,
- Due to debility in the education for the deaf, works for the determination and recording of signs forgotten during passed time,
- Makes initiatives for the widespread of sign language at education; prepares appropriate materials for trainers to learn correct signs,
- By cooperating with linguists, establishes expertise teams for the preparation of TİD grammar guide; participates in established commissions, makes suggestions for the making of legal regulations,
- Forms teams for the use of Medical, Legal, Commercial, Technical, Physical, Chemical and similar private matters for their signs to be revived and used,
- For translators to use correct signs at correct instances and to prevent change of subject with their own views, makes suggestions and gives advices to translation corporates and entities,
- Prepares regulations in conformity with deaf society’s needs, for translation ethics and rules, works for legislations’ legalization,
- Makes legal endeavors for Turkish sign language to become deafs’ legal main language, whereby efforts to ensure rights given in foreign countries in our country as well.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR ARTS AND CULTURE
- Organizes deafs’ theatre, pantomime, mime, folklore activities, works at federations for wide spreading of these activities and for representation of member foundations alongside with wide spreading these activities which are most significant tools for the deafs’ coming out at society,
- Tries to form organizations with only arts and culture purposes,
- For sake of participation in national and international festivals organizes regional and general competitions, ensures degree fields prizing and more wide spread competitions and organizations.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR EDUCATION
Determines insufficiencies in education, makes suggestions to the managerial board concerning precaution to be taken and policies to be implemented.
- For the deaf to reach their higher education, he tries to ensure required policies,
- Alongside mental support that the deaf receive their post graduate, masters, doctorate and higher educations; provides scholarships and material support for graduates’ take up of duties in education where he tries to get scholarships from foundations and public entities.
- Makes legal initiatives for the determination of deafs’ talents with their own languages at exams.
- Makes endeavors concerning employment meaning that deafs’ vocational education is made by methods which they can understand and by which they can be education.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR ORGANISATION
• Ensures cooperation between the Confederation and federations, reports the Managerial Board about its activities,
• Guides Federations and Foundations about women’s rights, youth, sports and failures about formation of arts organizations alongside their making of legal regulations,
• Tries to establish a deaf’s association, a youth organization, arts association, sports club in every province of our country or at least one association which realizes activities with the purpose of helping the deaf,
• Undertakes works to develop the organization of the Confederation and member federations’ organization; coordinates federations and federation member associations’ projects alongside activities which would assist their development.
• Watches member federations General Assemblies, collects Council minutes and records which must collect by provisions of the charter,
• Examines membership applications, whether membership fall criteria have realized or not and also examines requests to leave membership and submits results of such examination to the Managerial Board,
• Collects information related with Federations’ supreme organizations, ministries, legal regulations, conclusion of applications and ensures flow of information between Confederation and Federations.
• Tracks and executes relations between member federations and delegates,
• Keeps member record books,
• Prepares several organizations for the public in the name of the Confederation,
• Places his signature together with the Chairman to correspondences concerning his field.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
• Observes developments concerning deaf people’s rights and freedoms in the international field, informs the Managerial Board about documents and works deemed necessary.
• Establishes and develops relations with corporates and entities for the deaf and international organizations in other fields.
• Collects information about international corporates, entities and platforms to which becoming a member are considered, provides reports to the managerial Board.
• Watching works of membered corporates, entities and platforms; undertakes works for the adaptation of new developments, rights and freedoms to national legislation and their implementation.
• Monitors meetings at international levels, participates in such meetings or offers advices to the Managerial Board for person (people) to participate in these buildings, takes part in the preparations for international meetings.
• Fulfills other duties to be assigned by the Managerial Board.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES PF DEPUTY HEAD FOR LEGAL AFFAIRS, ADMINISTRATIVE AND FINANCIAL AFFAIRS
• Scans national and international legislation concerning the deaf, determines unimplemented or insufficiently implemented subjects,
• Forms suggestions concerning legislation for the deaf, determines methods to be tracked,
• Submits opinions to the Managerial Board for applying to justice in matters concerning legislation delimiting deafs’ rights,
• Follows litigation initiated against the Confederation or law cases to be initiated by the Confederation and gives report to the Managerial Board,
• Places his signature on correspondences concerning his field together with the Chairman.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR MEDIA, PRESS-BROADCAST AND PUBLIC RELATIONS
• For sake of Confederation works to be announced to the public opinion, makes continuous presentations and declarations at written / visual press and Web sites, sharage platforms and similar digital platforms; forms relations thereabout.
• In order to promote Confederation’s purposes, works and campaigns, pursues with cooperation by relevant deputy chairmen’s conference, panels, press meetings, radio television programs, scriptures, bulletins, brochures, books and similar activities and publishes periodical presses.
• With the order by Confederation Chairman or upon request by relevant deputy chairmen researches cooperation with several corporates for Confederation activities and establishes relations.
• Coordinates matters concerning preparation of promotion material about the deaf, the publication thereof in web sites and other press organs; forms materials about deaf related rights conferences, panels, symposiums and similar methods, alongside programs to be made by digital, virtual and written press thereby forming materials.
• Signs correspondences related to its field together with the Chairman.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF DEPUTY HEAD FOR TECHNOLOGY AND REACHABILITY
• By taking advantage of Confederation’s high technology, making required works for the increase of deaf people’s life standards.
• By making researches in the national and international field, undertaking further works for ensurement at high standards all access responses to any kind of demands requested for the deafs’ information and life.
• Bringing technologies and technological products produced abroad and to Turkey, offering these to deaf people, producing the required technologies and technological products at Turkey; producing common research and Development works and distributing those.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEPUTY HEAD FOR RELATIONS WITH THE FEDERATION
- Collecting joint problems of the deaf at the member federations and member associations, delivering subjects Federations can’t solve to Confederation managerial board,
- Determining the deaf and translators making research and study related to local sign language, giving information to the Confederation management for developing their studies and ensuring support thereabout,
- For keen deaf and normal individuals to participate in advanced level TİD and international sign language courses, records names, address and similar information after collection thereof.
- Making suggestions for courses, panels, workshops, symposiums and similar activities which can be made in cities where foundations are located in order to overcome insufficiencies concerning education; establishing communication with the Confederation through their federations.
- Informing associations for federations or associations to be recognized by society and also for organization of festivals, theatre, pantomime and folklore displays in their own provinces
- Raising awareness at associations in youth, sports and culture activities; making promotion meetings for the participation of youth to activities, ensuring that parents are visited and they are awarenessed.
- Promoting hearing devices, sound warning systems, auxiliary devices for the deaf, sound and speech simulator and similar systems through federations to member associations and ensuring the spread of their usage and ensuring Confederation support in order to develop works of the deaf between its members concerning usage by them of such produced goods,
- Distributing Confederation made activities to federations and member associations to the strata, ensuring social participation and information gathering,
- Coordinating between deputy chairmen concerning the control and completion of projects member federations and member associations target to prepare; helping them thereabout,
- Giving advices concerning implementation of member federations’ and associations’ charters purposes and activities in a way to be of advantage to the deaf society,
- Ensuring the Confederation’s, Federation’s and relevant organizations’ activities share with society through other associations.
RESPONSIBILITIES AND AUTHORITIES OF DEPUTY CHAIRMAN FOR RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT, ACCESSIBILITY AND PROJECTS
- Organizes and coordinates Research and Development Works the confederation and/ or dependent federation needs.
- Plans and coordinates with Deputy Chairman for Organization and federations the realization of general education in matters such as human rights, democracy, organization, rights of the handicapped and associations’ legislation for federations and associations bound by the Confederation.
- Pursues works in cooperation with relevant federations for the development of an education understanding and policies peculiar to all handicapped groups.
- Places his signature on correspondences related to his field together with the Chairman.
- Taking into consideration needs of handicap groups in every field, he tries to form access policies and assigns duties to Accessibility Tracking and Inspection Commission.
- Coordinates Confederation projects, inspects project partnerships from federations and associations alongside projects’ conformity with their vision and missions; submits project participation resolution to the managerial board in the name of the confederation; implements projects with team to be assigned after their approval; provides support in projects in the name of the confederation.
GENERAL SECRETARIAT, ITS DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES
He is elected at the General Assembly. It is predicative that the General Secretary is; experienced as a senior administrator, be known positively by the sector, be a lobbier, know at least one foreign language, be determined from amongst people who are liable to team work and have developed communication skills.
Secretary General’s Duties and Authorities:
The Secretary General implements strategies, resolutions, Association Policies determined by the Managerial Board. He represents the Association in the name of the Managerial Board. Has close communication with Ministries related to the sector.
Ensures that the Coordination Board and other Association Expertise Committees function their duties with highest efficiency.
He is responsible for the preparation of Annual Work Plan (Draft), Association Budget (Draft), Annual Association Work Report (Draft), Managerial Board agenda draft and information files. The management and determination of association cadre is also among his obligations.
Secretary general duties is defined in our Charter as follows.
- Pursues the Association’s daily works,
- Gives reports to the Managerial Board about activities of the Association,
- Tracks and completes resolutions taken by the Managerial Board,
- Pursues written correspondence and call procedures,
- Fulfills duties assigned by the General Assembly and the Managerial Board,
- Follows up, personally or with a team he shall establish, before related official and private person (people), entities and organizations the problems of the Association or members,
- Administers the Association personnel and organization within directives of the Managerial Board,
- Performs other duties given by the Managerial Board or the Chairman.
- Prepares Secretary General association professional working cadre each year alongside the budget with justification and submits to the approval of the Managerial Board.
- The Secretary General is obliged to pursue activities in the “Strategy and Action Plan” with professional cadre alongside Managerial Board’s contribution and participation.
Within this scope;
- The Association has an address being the voice of the
sector and which all interested can apply to,
- Following legal, economic regulations brought by national or European Union, both affecting the sector; determines sector opinion and standing, making required lobby activities in this respect,
- Making endeavors to ensure a work environment allowing sector actors to perform their work more easily and efficiently,
- The analysis of sector data by collection thereof, the reporting of such data and the association’s yield of data bank characteristic, mentioned matters are seen as its major activity fields.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEPUTY SECRETARY GENERAL
The Deputy Secretary General is elected at the General Assembly; the Managerial Board assigns Deputy Secretary General from amongst candidates suggested by the Secretary General. Candidates for Deputy general Secretariat must be determined principally from amongst those qualified people who have executive experience, be known positively by the sector, be a lobbier; know at least one foreign language, liable to team work and who have developed communication skills.
Duties of the Deputy Secretary General:
Deputy Secretary General applies Managerial Board resolutions and orders of the Secretary General, plans his works in conformity with Association Strategic and Action Plan and pursues those within framework of annual work plan. Holds communication with Ministries related to the sector; Turkish Armed Forces and other relevant organizations and association members. Ensures that Association Expertise Committees fulfills duty with highest efficiency. Ensures that Association office activities are undertaken in an efficient way. In this context; their duties are determined as follows.
- Ensures that Association’s daily works are pursued efficiently, and any kind of office activity is executed regularly.
- Examines membership applications and submits inspection reports to the Secretary General for required action related thereto,
- Concludes subjects among Managerial Board passed resolutions within the framework of his responsibilities.
- Focuses on reaching Association strategic purposes and aims and within this framework ensures that expertise committees work regularly and efficiently within framework of association action plan and committee annual work plans by coordination thereof.
- Undertakes works to develop communication and cooperation between members and association as well as other members.
- Determining / having determined precautions facilitating members’ undertake of works, he makes lobby activities for the realization of these suggestions,
- Prepares Association Annual Work Report and Sector Performance Report in coordination with members and the relevant people.
- Administers Association personnel and organization within directives of the Secretary General.
- In the absence of the Secretary General performs latter’s duties by proxy.
ASSIGNMENT OF OFFICE PERSONNEL, THEIR DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES
In General Secretariat cadres; office personnel in suitable quality are employed as assigned by the Secretary General in numbers defined in annual budgets approved by the Managerial Board. The duties of office personnel are defined below.
- The preparation of Association correspondences, the distribution, archiving and follow up thereof
- Keeping personnel classified staff dossiers and the tracking thereof,
- The delivery of personnel employment declarations to relevant authorities on time; the calculation of Social Security Institute premia and the timely payment thereof; archiving thereof,
- The preparation of Provincial Associations Directorate papers within framework of Associations Law and Regulations and the delivery thereof to the relevant persons; the archiving of such papers,
- The regular keeping of membership files, collection of contributions and other association incomes, preparation of banking cash transactions and follow up thereon,
- Preparation of activity place for Association organized activities (out of Association management meetings, inter member Cooperation Days, Seminars / Conferences / Workshops and the like), preparation of documentations in conformity with the given agenda and presentations,
- The preparation of Managerial Board resolutions, Meeting Minutes and similar documentation; takin signatures regards attendance / resolutions / minutes, the publication and archiving thereof,
- Coordination of Senior Management appointment and visits,
- Ensuring communication with Financial Consultancy Office, Legal Consultancy Bureau and realization of required common works in line with orders of the General Secretary or his Deputy.
FINANCIAL SECRETARY’S DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
• Collects Confederation incomes,
• Makes necessary expenses,
• Works for the increase and development of income resources,
• Keeps documents about income and expenditures according to relevant procedure,
• Signs financial correspondence together with the Chairman.
• prepares in the name of the Managerial Board financial report, concrete calculation balances and approximate budget to be submitted to the General Assembly.
• Keeps required books for the foundation.
• provides receipt documents / certificates and keeps records concerning expenses.
• Submits information concerning income and expenditures at each managerial board meeting.
• Determining the officials to make collections in the name of the Confederation and submitting those to the managerial board and controls its collection.
• When deemed necessary by Confederation Management or managerial board undertakes financial inspection of member federations.
• Ensures that payments are made within term and provides the report about payments not made within term to the managerial board.
COORDINATOR’S DUTIS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
- Performing all coordination duties given by the Chairman; ensuring the coordination of the management board, representatives and chairman; ensuring coordination of Confederation establishing federations and sub entities with the chairman;
- Collects information and practices concerning deafs’ reach of information and technology from suggesting federations, relevant Confederation managers related to the matter and relevant entities, whereby he submits the reports thereof to the managerial board, distributes those to society, member federations and associations according to an action plan to be determined, ensuring that deaf society reaches information by publication in our web site and facebook, twitter and digital media
- Fulfills duty to inform in order for deaf society to learn camps, activities, seminars and similar activities to be organized for the aged, women, children.
FORMATION OF THE INSPECTORY BOARD
- The Inspectory Board is elected as three (3) principal and three (3) alternate members from amongst delegates having right to participate in the General Assembly.
- Makes within thirty (30) days as of the General Assembly, its first meeting with a call by the oldest member about time and place of the meeting and elects from amongst themselves one (1) chairman, one (1) deputy chairman and one (1) clerk
- Decision taken by such Board are recorded to resolution book.
- Costs made by the Inspectory Board due to their duties are covered by the Confederation.
INSPECTORY BOARD’S DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES
• Audits Confederation works conformity with Charter, General Assembly resolutions, regulation published by the Managerial Board and relevant legislation; also inspects administrative and financial books and Confederation accounts at least once a year,
• Provides the General Assembly with a report about the examination results concerning income and expenditure account alongside three year managemental and financial audit results,
• Notifies the Managerial Board about the insufficiencies it has seen during inspection alongside disputes / unconformities with the charter and the legislation with a report.
• When deems necessary calls the General Assembly to an extraordinary meeting.
• When the managerial board deems necessary or member federations request three (3) members of the Managerial Board inspect the member federations,
• When deemed necessary; Chairman of the Inspection Board or Inspection Board head assigned member can attend managerial board meetings without a right to voting rights.
- The Inspection Board, upon call of the Chairman or when deemed necessary by the managerial board or when requested by 1/5’ of the delegates, summons and performs inspections.
CONFEDERATION’S INNER AND OUTER CONTROL
- While at the Confederation, the General Assembly, managerial board or inspection board may assume inner inspection, inspection may also be left to be made by independent inspectors and independent inspection corporations. The fact that inspection may be made by General Assembly, managerial board or independent inspection entities does not relieve the liability of the inspection board.
- Confederation inspection is realized by the Inspection Board at least once a year. General Assembly or Managerial Board can make inspections when deemed necessary or make inspections for independent inspection corporates.
METHOD FOR INCOMES AND EXPENDITURES
• The Confederation, taking the legislation and daily conditions into consideration according to one of the operative or balance principles, keeps accounting books it shall prefers by a Managerial Board decision,
• Commercial operations’ books are determined according to tax procedures law,
• Document of receipt is used in the collection of Confederation incomes,
• Certificates of receipt are pressed by Managerial Board taking the legislation into consideration.
• People to make collections by using certificates of receipt in the name of the Confederation are determined by the managerial board decision.
• Receipts drawn up by banks concerning procedures undertaken related to the Confederation are valid as certificates of receipt.
• Cash withdrawal procedures at banks are made by double signature under Confederation seal. Depending on the event an authority is transferred to a person or a person is authorized solely in internet banking as well as for electronic signing, first sentence is not applied for authority transfers made.
• All expenses are made by people and organs authorized or a Managerial Board.
• Accounting records and other documents are kept by terms determined in the legislation.
• Fee free property and services deliveries to be made by people, corporates and entities are made with “Relief Aid Delivery Document”. Cost free good and service deliveries to be accepted from people, corporates or entities however are accepted by “Relief Aid Receipt Document”.
• Arriving transfers and lots are taken by an official to be assigned by the Managerial Board.
The Confederation is obliged to give a copy of a declaration showing their activities, income and expenses to the local authority it is dependent to every year until the end of April. Such declaration by the Confederation would include Federation activities as well therefore member federations are obliged to give one copy of the declarations they shall give to their attached local authority to the Confederation by end of month of March by latest.
It is mandatory that realty acquired by grants, death dependent savings, purchase and similar means are declared to Local Authority within one (1) month as of attestation to land registered by the Confederation. Procedures are taken according to the response taken.
- Access Record Fee; Candidate federation which has made membership application, pays access record fees to Confederation accounts together with relevant documents.
- Access contribution and annual contribution is determined after three yearly Ordinary General Assembly to be valid for a three year period.
- Managerial pay; Each member pays annual membership pay every year within month of March. In the event payment of the debt is left to the following year payment is made over new tariff arising from changes in the minimum wage.
- Incomes yielded from services and endeavors.
- Revenue yielded from festivals, theatre, voyages, conferences and similar activity organizations,
- Project revenues ensured from national and international organizations concerning projects realized,
- Media and printed material revenues,
- Grants and contributions to be ensured from corporates and entities.
- Revenues to be yielded from realties.
- Revenues yielded from real estates.
- Grants and aides to be collected as per law and legislative provisions concerning aid collection.
- Additional payables to be redeemed from members for Confederation foreseen activities and investments.
- Several compensation and fines.
- Economic operational incomes.
- Indebting and other expenditures.
• General expenses.
• Expenses made for the realization of purpose shown in the Charter.
• Investment expenses.
• Unforeseen expenses
• Member record books: Confederation member federations’ common and other information are recorded to this book with Managerial Board resolution date they were accepted to membership and numbers respectively.
• Resolution Book: Managerial Board resolutions are written to this book with date and number rows and signed by the Managerial Board members. By yielding required access devices and licenses from electronic signature devices managerial board decisions can be taken interactively in internet environments and signed with electronic signature.
• managerial Board Resolution Book: managerial Board’s resolutions are written to this book with date and number row and signed by managerial Board members.
• Inspectory Board Resolution Book: Inspectory Board’s resolutions, is written in this book with date and number and signed by Inspection Board members.
• Incoming and Outgoing Official Document Record Books: incoming and outgoing official documents are recorded to these books with date and number lines. The original of the incoming official documents and copy of the outgoing official document are kept in its file.
• Operative books: Int his book shown are records of all money taken in the name of the Confederation alongside taken and expended money, where they are given to are shown in this book. All documents about incomes and expenditures are kept in their special files.
• Int he event activities are undertaken according to balance statement; instead of operative books, books which will be kept are registry, ledger and inventory books.
END OF CONFEDERATION’S LEGAL PERSONALITY
CONDITIONS AND METHODS FOR TERMINATING LEGAL PERSONALITY
Confederation legal personality ends with one of the following circumstances:
• Termination upon General Assembly Resolution: Confederation General Assembly can always decide to end the Confederation legal personality.
• Termination Method and Conditions; For the General Assembly to decide about terminating the Confederation’s legal personality approval by two thirds (2/3) of the delegates participating presently in the meeting held by at least two thirds (2/3) of the General Assembly full member numbers is mandatory. If required majority cannot be ensured at the first meeting, member number at the second meeting cannot be less than twice of member full numbers of the managerial and inspector boards while resolution again is taken by 2/3 of participants.
• Notification of Termination to the Administration: In the event Confederation’s legal personality ends, present state is notified to the greatest civilian authority at the headquarter district by the Managerial Board within five (5) days.
• Settlement; In the event termination is realized as self-dissolution (wind up) Confederation’s all kinds of property, money and collectibles, is distributed among member federations according to their contributive shares for the last / most recent five (5) years to the Confederation. At the General Assembly meeting where termination resolution is passed by a three (3) people Settlement Board. The Settlement Board examines the Confederation’s all properties and accounts, pays its debts. Increased property hold is distributed according to principles of first article / paragraph.
ESTABLISHERS OF THE CONFEDERATION
- Turkey Deaf Sports Clubs Federation, TSSKF
- Federation of the Hearing Impaired, İEF
- Ankara Deafs Federation, ASF
At circumstances where there are no provisions in the Confederation Charter, Foundations Law and regulations passed according to these laws,
While at circumstances where there are no provisions in the Foundations Law and nor in relevant regulations Turkish Civil Code shall be implemented.
The authorized authority where disputes arising out of Confederation Charter and dependent enacted regulations are solved is provincial courts and executive offices of the Confederation center.
CONFEDERATION MANAGERIAL BOARD MEMBERS
|Hüseyin Mesut ALVER||Secretary General|
|Adem FİDAN||Assistant Secretary General|
|Halil ŞIVGIN||Consultant to the Chairman|
|Yüksel GÜNEŞ||Consultant to the Chairman|
|Oktay AKTAŞ||Consultant to the Chairman|
|Doğan ÖZDEMİR||Deputy Chairman for Legal, Administrative and Financial Affairs|
|Banu TÜRKUĞUR ŞAHİN||Deputy Chairman for TID and Translation|
|Şenol SEZER||Deputy Chairman for Youth and Sports|
|Fatih ARSLAN||Deputy Chairman for Technology and|
|Müge KARAKAYA YATBAZ||Deputy Chairman for Education|
|Muhammed İkbal YILDIZ||Deputy Chairman for Organization|
|Sabire Nur Banu ÖZTÜREL||Deputy Chairman for International Relations|
|Muammer AY||Deputy Chairman for Federative Relations|
|Dilan KENTKURAN||Deputy Chairman for Responsible for R & D Accessibility Projects|
|Zeren KOÇ||Deputy Chairman for Arts and Culture|
|Pelin ASLAN||Deputy Chairman for Media, Press – Broadcast and Public Relations|
|Serdal ÜRÜNDÜL||Financial Secretary|